Industrial design as a determinant of shoe and tanning firms? competitiveness


  • Łukasz Mamica Cracow University of Economics



industrial design, innovativeness, competitiveness


Firms are looking for optimal combination of factors, which allow them to achieve competitive advantage. With the passage of time the role of these factors are changing. The article presents results of authors? research, which covered 20 firms from shoe and 15 from tanning production. The research was carried out in Poland in the second quarter of 2009. It showed that the most important factor of firms? competitiveness are establishment of cooperation with R&D unit and receiving financial grant for R&D activity (both these factors received average mark 3,41 in five points scale, where 1 is not important at all and 5 the most important). Special attention during the research was given to the role of industrial design. The most import for researched firms in this field were increasing their products? recognition (mark 4,06) and increasing aesthetic (3,94).


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How to Cite

Mamica, Łukasz. (2010). Industrial design as a determinant of shoe and tanning firms? competitiveness. Equilibrium. Quarterly Journal of Economics and Economic Policy, 4(1), 217–227.




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