Description of a three-phase, four-wire system with a nonlinear receiver and an asymmetric voltage source using CPC power theory




Currents Physical Components, nonlinear receiver, power theory


This article mathematically describes a three-phase, four-wire circuit in the case of a nonlinear, unbalanced load, asymmetry of the power source with a periodic, non-sinusoidal waveform. This description uses Currents' Physical Components (CPC) power theory for three-phase circuits. Determining the energy flow between the source and the load is possible by decomposing the phase current into components depending on the physical nature of the phenomena in this circuit. Mathematical relationships were determined enabling decomposition into components depending on the direction of energy flow and the causes of their creation. A calculation example using the determined relationships and calculation results has been presented. The presented computational concept is important for mathematical analyzes in circuits with nonlinear three-phase receivers. Knowing the nature of physical phenomena, it is possible to perform measures that limit the value of the current supplying the load.


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