Entrepreneurial propensity index of university students. The case study from the Czech Republic, Slovakia and Poland





entrepreneurship, university student, entrepreneurial propensity


Research background: Promotion of the entrepreneurship has an important role in the society, and the direct relationship between entrepreneurship and economic growth of the country is proven. Universities education should be one of the pillars to build the business environment and the entrepreneurial propensity of the students in the entrepreneurship.

Purpose of the article: The paper aimed to define and quantify significant factors that shape the entrepreneurial propensity of university students and create the entrepreneurial propensity index. A part of this aim was a comparison of defined factors in the Czech Republic (CR), Slovakia (SR) and Poland (PL).

Methods: The survey-based research was conducted with students in the last year of their economic studies on the universities. 1,352 students from 25 universities in selected countries were approached during research. A custom Entrepreneurial Propensity Index was created that was implemented separately for CR, SR and PL.

Findings & Value added: The research brought interesting findings. The aggregated Entrepreneurial Propensity Index in the Czech Republic reached the value of 0.470, which was higher than that of Slovakia (0.424) and Poland (0.412). The evaluation of the quality of university education is similarly positive in all countries (CR: 0.659, PL: 0.589, SR: 0.592). Czech students gave access to the financial resources and the role of macroeconomic environment got a higher rating than Slovak and Polish students. On the contrary, Poland students gave the social environment and business advantages a higher rating than Czech and Slovak students. The evaluation of the personality traits is more positive in Slovakia. The most positive indicator for all students is that doing business enables to make use of own abilities and own solutions.


Download data is not yet available.


Andreas, S. (2018). Effects of the decline in social capital on college graduates´ soft skills. Industry and higher education, 32(1). doi: 10.1177/09504 2217749277.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0950422217749277
View in Google Scholar

Arenius, P., & Minniti, M. (2005). Perceptual variables and nascent entrepreneurship. Small Business Economics, 24(3). doi: 10.1007/s11187-005-1984-x.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11187-005-1984-x
View in Google Scholar

Baryniene, J., Paužaite, Ž., & Cibulskaite, J. (2014). Political and legal initiatives for systemic education of entrepreneurship. Public Policy and Administration, 13(3). doi: 10.5755/j01.ppaa.13.3.8385.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5755/j01.ppaa.13.3.8385
View in Google Scholar

Bekeris, R. (2012). The impact of macro-economic indicators upon SME’s profitability. Ekonomika, 91(3).

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15388/Ekon.2012.0.883
View in Google Scholar

Beyhan, B., & Findik, D. (2018). Student and graduate entrepreneurship: ambidextrous universities create more nascent entrepreneurs. Journal of Technology transfer, 43(5). doi: 10.1007/s10961-017-9590-z.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10961-017-9590-z
View in Google Scholar

Birdthistle, N. (2008). An examination of tertiary students’ desire to found an enterprise. Education + Training, 50(7). doi: 10.1108/00400910810909027.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1108/00400910810909027
View in Google Scholar

Caliendo, M., Fossen, F., & Kritikos, A. S. (2014). Personality characteristics and the decisions to become and stay self-employed. Small Business Economics, 42(4). doi: 10.1007/s11187-013-9514-8.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11187-013-9514-8
View in Google Scholar

Cramer, J. S., Hartog, J., Jonker, N., & Van Praag, C. M. (2002). Low risk aversion encourages the choice for entrepreneurship: an empirical test of a truism. Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, 48(1). doi: 10.1016/S0167-2681(01)00222-0.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0167-2681(01)00222-0
View in Google Scholar

Crecente-Romero, F., Gimenez-Baldazo, M., & Rivera-Galicia, L.F. (2018). Can entrepreneurship channel overqualification in young university graduates in the European Union? Journal of Business Research, 89. doi: 10.1016/j.jbusres. 2018.01.056.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbusres.2018.01.056
View in Google Scholar

Corsi, C., & Prencipe, A. (2018). Foreign ownership and innovation in independent SMEs. A cross-european analysis. Journal of Small Business and Entrepreneurship, 30(5). doi: 10.1080/08276331.2017.1413751.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/08276331.2017.1413751
View in Google Scholar

Danes, S. M., Stafford, K., Haynes, G., & Amarapurkar, S. S. (2009). Family capital of family firms: Bridging human, social, and financial capital. Family Business Review, 22(3). doi: 10.1177/0894486509333424.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0894486509333424
View in Google Scholar

Dvorsky, J., Rozsa, Z., Petrakova, Z, & Kotaskova, A. (2018). Evaluation of state aid for entrepreneurs and their access to financial resources: Students´ attitudes in Czech Republic, Poland and Slovakia. Marketing and Management of Innovations, 3. doi: 10.21272/mmi.2018.3-01.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.21272/mmi.2018.3-01
View in Google Scholar

Dvorsky, J., Cepel, M., Sopkova, G., & Kotaskova, A. (2017). The quality of macro-environment and business environment and university student entrepreneurship – comparison of the Czech and the Slovak Republic. International Journal of Entrepreneurial Knowledge. 5(2). doi: 10.1515/ijek-2017-0014.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.37335/ijek.v5i2.62
View in Google Scholar

Farhangmehr, M., Goncalves, P., & Sarmento, M. (2016). Predicting entrepreneurial motivation among university students: the role of entrepreneurship education. Education + Training, 58(7/8). doi: 10.1108/ET-01-2016-0019.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1108/ET-01-2016-0019
View in Google Scholar

Fayolle, A., Liñán, F., & Moriano, J. A. (2014). Beyond entrepreneurial intentions: values and motivations in entrepreneurship. International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, 10(4). doi: 10.1007/s11365-014-0306-7.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11365-014-0306-7
View in Google Scholar

Fiet, J. O. (2001). The theoretical side of teaching entrepreneurship. Journal of Business Venturing, 16(1). doi: 10.1016/S0883-9026(99)00041-5.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0883-9026(99)00041-5
View in Google Scholar

Gavurova, B., Belas, J., Kotaskova, A., & Cepel, M. (2018). Management of education concepts in the field of entrepreneurship of university students in the Czech Republic. Polish Journal of Management Studies, 17(2). doi: 10.17512/pjms.2018.17.2.05.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17512/pjms.2018.17.2.05
View in Google Scholar

Gerry, C., Marques, C. S., & Nogueira, F. (2008). Tracking student entrepreneurial potential: personal attributes and the propensity for business start-ups after graduation in a Portuguese university. Problems and Perspectives in Management, 6(4).
View in Google Scholar

Goktan, A.B., & Gupta, V.K. (2015). Sex, gender, and individual entrepreneurial orientation: evidence from four countries. International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, 11. doi: 10.1007/s11365-013-0278-z.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11365-013-0278-z
View in Google Scholar

Gorman, G., Hanlon, D., & King, W. (1997). Some research perspectives on entrepreneurship education, enterprise education and education for small business management: A ten-year literature review. International Small Business Journal, 15(3). doi: 10.1177/0266242697153004.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0266242697153004
View in Google Scholar

Gurol, Y., & Atsan, N. (2006). Entrepreneurial characteristics amongst university students: Some insights for entrepreneurship education and training in Turkey. Education + Training, 48(1). doi: 10.1108/00400910610645716.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1108/00400910610645716
View in Google Scholar

Hattab, H. W. (2014). Impact of entrepreneurship education on entrepreneurial intentions of university students in Egypt. Journal of Entrepreneurship, 23(1). doi: 10.1177/0971355713513346.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0971355713513346
View in Google Scholar

Heck, R. K. Z., Danes, S. M., Fitzgerald, M. A., Haynes, G. W., Jasper, C. R., Schrank, H. L., Winter, M. (2006). The family's dynamic role within family business entrepreneurship. Handbook of research on family business.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.4337/9781847204394.00014
View in Google Scholar

Isada, F., Lin, H., & Isada, Y. (2015). Entrepreneurship of university students in Taiwan and Japan. Management Research Review, 38(12). doi: 10.1108/MRR-06-2014-0131.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1108/MRR-06-2014-0131
View in Google Scholar

Jones, P., Miller, C., Jones, A., Packham, G. & Zbierowski, P. (2011). Attitudes and motivations of Polish students towards entrepreneurial activity. Education + Training, 53(5). doi: 10.1108/00400911111147721.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1108/00400911111147721
View in Google Scholar

Kerr, S. P., Kerr, W. R., & Xu, T. (2018). Personality traits of entrepreneurs: a review of recent literature. Foundations and Trends in Entrepreneurship, 14(3). doi: 10.1561/0300000080.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1561/0300000080
View in Google Scholar

Kolarova, E., & Kolarova, V. (2017). The factors influencing college students´ choice of elective subjects. Journal of Competitiveness. 9(4). doi: 10.7441/ joc.2017.04.03.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.7441/joc.2017.04.03
View in Google Scholar

Kozubíková, L., Čepel, M., & Zlámalová, M. (2018). Attitude toward innovativeness based on personality traits in the SME sector. Czech Republic case study. Management and Marketing, 13(2). doi: 10.2478/mmcks-2018-0013.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/mmcks-2018-0013
View in Google Scholar

Kozubíková, L., Dvorský, J., Cepel, M & Balcerzak, A. P. (2017). Important characteristics of an entrepreneur in relation to risk taking: Czech Republic case study. Journal of International Studies, 10(3). doi: 10.14254/2071-8330.2017/10-3/16.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.14254/2071-8330.2017/10-3/16
View in Google Scholar

Marques, C. S. E., Santos, G., Galvao, A., Mascarenhas, C., & Justino, E. (2018). Entrepreneurship education, gender and family background as antecedents on the entrepreneurial orientation of university students. International Journal of Innovation Science, 10(1). doi: 10.1108/IJIS-07-2017-0067.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1108/IJIS-07-2017-0067
View in Google Scholar

Mate, D., & Darabos, E. (2017). Measuring the accuracy of self-assessment among undergraduate students in higher education to enhance competitiveness. Journal of Competitiveness. 9(2). doi: 10.7441/joc.2017.02.06.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.7441/joc.2017.02.06
View in Google Scholar

Morris, M. H., Shirokova, G., & Tsukanova, T. (2017). Student entrepreneurship and the university ecosystem: a multi-country empirical exploration. European Journal of International Management, 11(1). doi: 10.1504/EJIM.2017.081251.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1504/EJIM.2017.081251
View in Google Scholar

Plotnikova, M., Romero, I., & Martínez-Román, J. A. (2016). Process innovation in small businesses: the self-employed as entrepreneurs. Small Business Economics, 47(4). doi: 10.1007/s11187-016-9743-8.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11187-016-9743-8
View in Google Scholar

Pruett, M., Shinner, R., Toney, B., Llopis, F., & Fox, J. (2009). Explaining entrepreneurial intentions of university students: a cross cultural study, International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behavior and Research, 15(6). doi: 10.1108/ 13552550910995443.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1108/13552550910995443
View in Google Scholar

Robertson, M., Line, M., Jones, S., & Thomas, S. (2000). International students, learning environments and perceptions: a case study using the Delphi technique. Higher Education Research & Development, 19(1). doi: 10.1080/ 07294360050020499.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/07294360050020499
View in Google Scholar

Silva, A., & Nobre, N. (2018). Students´ entrepreneurial propensity: an exploratory study from a Portuguese polytechnic school. Journal of Entrepreneurship & Organization Management. 7(1). doi: 10.4172/2169-026X.1000226.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.4172/2169-026X.1000226
View in Google Scholar

Sitaridis, I., & Kitsios, F. (2018). Entrepreneurial intentions in the field of IT: the role of gender typed personality and entrepreneurship education. Paper presented at the IEEE Global Engineering Education Conference, EDUCON, 2018-April 1854-1859. doi: 10.1109/EDUCON.2018.8363460.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/EDUCON.2018.8363460
View in Google Scholar

Solomon, G., Dickson, P. H., Solomon, G. T., & Weaver, K. M. (2008). Entrepreneurial selection and success: does education matter? Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, 15(2). doi: 10.1108/14626000810871655.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1108/14626000810871655
View in Google Scholar

Souitaris, V., Zerbinati, S., & Al-Laham, A. (2007). Do entrepreneurship programmes raise entrepreneurial intention of science and engineering students? The effect of learning, inspiration and resources. Journal of Business Venturing, 22(4). doi: 10.1016/j.jbusvent.2006.05.002.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbusvent.2006.05.002
View in Google Scholar

Staniewski, M. & Awruk, K. (2015). Motivating factors and barriers in the commencement of one’s own business for potential entrepreneurs. Economic Research, 28(1). doi: 10.1080/1331677X.2015.1083876.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/1331677X.2015.1083876
View in Google Scholar

Tredevi, R. (2016). Does university play significant role in shaping entrepreneurial intention? A cross-country comparative study. Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, 23(1). doi: 10.1108/JSBED-10-2015-0149.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1108/JSBED-10-2015-0149
View in Google Scholar




How to Cite

Dvorský, J., Petráková, Z., Zapletalíková, E., & Rózsa, Z. (2019). Entrepreneurial propensity index of university students. The case study from the Czech Republic, Slovakia and Poland. Oeconomia Copernicana, 10(1), 173–192. https://doi.org/10.24136/oc.2019.009




Similar Articles

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 > >> 

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.