The implications of Turkey?s accession to the European Union for the flows of labor

Authors

  • Marta Ulbrych Cracow University of Economics

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.12775/OeC.2011.013

Keywords:

Turkey, accession, free labor flow

Abstract

Analyzing the course of accession negotiations of Turkey to the European Union and taking into an account the experience of previous enlargements, the issue of free movement of persons appears to be one of the most difficult and controversial subject. EU members societies report concerns about job losses and reduced wages in the case of immigration of cheaper labor. In addition, ethnic prejudices and cultural, religious, social and language differences in the European Union hold the demand for foreign workers. Based on the theory and analysis of current migration flows of the Turkish population to European Union countries, it appears that the most important factors influencing decisions to migrate, and thus also on its size, there are differences in income. An important factor is also the presence of a number of Turkish minorities in European countries. In order to balance the benefits and losses associated with Turkish migration will be analyzed the trends in Turkish immigrants participation in the European Union and Germany.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Arvanitopoulos C. (ed.), (2009), Turkey?s Accession to the European Union. An unusual candidacy, Springer, Berlin.
Balcer A., Zalewski P., (2010), Turkey and the ?New Europe?: A Bridge Waiting to be Built, ?Insight Turkey? Vol. 12, No. 1.
Bank Światowy (2006), Migration and Remittances. Easter Europe and the former Soviet Union.
Czech B., (2009), Population and social condition, Eurostat 29.
Czernielewska M., (2003), Metody ilościowe w badaniu regionalnej integracji gospodarczej na przykładzie Unii Europejskiej, Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Łódzkiego, Łódź.
Erzan R. (ed.), (2005), Growth and Immigration Scenarios Turkey ? EU, Centre for European Policy Studies EU-Turkey Working Paper, No. 13, Brussels.
Erzan R., Kirisci K. (ed.), (2009), Turkish Immigrants in the European Union. Determinants of Immigration and Integration, Routledge Taylor&Francis Group, London and New York.
European Commission (2006), Communication from the Commission. Report on the functioning of the transitional arrangements set out in the 2003 Accession Treaty, Brussels.
Fleischhaker C., (2010), The return of New generation ? well-educated children of Turkish immigrants leave Germany, The German Marshall Found of the USA, Washington.
Içduygu A., (2009), International Migration and Human Development in Turkey, Human Development Research Paper 2009/52, UNDP.
Iglicka K., (1995), Migracje zagraniczne w świetle najnowszych ujęć teoretycznych, Studia Demograficzne, Nr 3(121).
Kaya A., Kentel F., (2005), Euro-Turks. A bridge or a breach between Turkey and the European Union? Comparative study of German-Turks and French-Turks, King Baudouin Foundation, Brussels Kirisci K., (2003), Turkey: A Transformation from Emigration to Immigration, Center for European Studies, Bogaziçi University.
Meade J.E., (1955), Trade and Welfare. The theory of international economic policy, London.
Ministerstwo Gospodarki, (2007), Wpływ emigracji zarobkowej na gospodarkę Polski, Warszawa.
Unan E., (2009), Microeconomics Determinants of Turkish workers? remittances: survey results for France-Turkey, International Conference Inequalities and development in the Mediterranean countries, Istanbul.
Vasileva K., (2010), Foreigners living in the EU are diverse and largely younger than the nationals of the EU Member States, Eurostat Statistics in focus 45.
Rynarzewski T., Zielińska-Głębocka A., (2006), Międzynarodowe stosunki gospodarcze. Teoria wymiany i polityki handlu międzynarodowego, PWN, Warszawa.
Welfe A., (2009), Ekonometria. Metody i ich zastosowanie, PWE, Warszawa.
Wieliński B. T., (2010), Merkel łaje imigrantów, ?Gazeta Wyborcza? 18.10.2010.
http://data.worldbank.org/, elektroniczna baza Banku Światowego.
http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/, elektroniczna baza Eurostatu.
http://icisleri.gov.tr/, Foreigners Department of the Turkish Ministry of Interior.
http://internationalliving.com/, International Living.
http://stats.oecd.org/, elektroniczna baza OECD.
http://www.eubusiness.com, Greece wants EU immigration patrols on its Turkish border.
http://www.iom.pl, Międzynarodowej Organizacji ds. Migracji.
http://www.turkstat.gov.tr/, elektroniczna baza Tureckiego Instytutu Statystycznego.
www.iskur.gov.tr, Turkish Employment Office (TEO).

Downloads

Published

2011-09-30

How to Cite

Ulbrych, M. (2011). The implications of Turkey?s accession to the European Union for the flows of labor. Oeconomia Copernicana, 2(3), 65–85. https://doi.org/10.12775/OeC.2011.013

Issue

Section

Articles

Similar Articles

1 2 3 4 > >> 

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.