Estimation of route speed parameters designed for electric buses
Keywords:bus route sections, electric buses, GPS data, speed parameters
The paper presents a method for the estimation of speed parameters on urban bus routes designed for the use of electric buses. The considered bus route is divided into stopping and running sections. The bus stops are the stopping sections. The running sections connect two neighbouring bus stops. A bus equipped with the GPS receiver moves along the urban bus route at a variable speed. The GPS receiver records at a constant frequency location data that include current bus position and the measurement time. The location data enable the estimation of the time of varying speeds for the running sections and the stop time for the stopping sections. The speed parameters for the sections involve the specification of time periods assigned to the defined speed ranges. Measurement data were recorded on the selected bus route in off-pick and pick hours. The results obtained allow estimation of speed parameters for individual sections and by aggregation for the entire bus route considered. The speed parameters of the bus route correspond to the energy consumption of electric buses and can be applied to determine the properties of the urban bus routes on which electric buses are introduced.
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