The Fiscal Union as a Remedy For the Economic and Financial Crisis in the European Union
Keywords:tax competition, fiscal union, globalization of tax policy
Financial crisis and a global deep recession has led to new government interventions, and the nation's governors have struggled with the resulting budget deficits, unemployment, and other economic problems in their states. Many states are facing major fiscal problems in coming years. Rising debt and growing health and pension costs threaten tax increases down the road. At the same time, intense global economic competition makes it imperative that states improve their investment climates. To that end, some governors are pursuing broad-based tax reforms, such as cutting income tax rates and spending restraint to get their states back on track. The purpose of the article is to identify the impact of globalization and the international environment on the process of tax harmonization in the EU from the perspective of proposal to establish a fiscal union. Moreover, I would like to answer whether a deeper fiscal harmonization will help to achieve the objectives of fiscal consolidation in the time of global tax competition and free movement of capital, goods, services and labour force. The article is divided into several small parts. These parts include the examples/small case studies, which would help stressing the pros and cons of fiscal union and its potential consequences also in the field of economic freedom. Methodology in the article is based on the descriptive analysis of statistical data, source materials and Polish and English literature.
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