Determinant factors of intra-industry trade: the case of Poland and its European Union trading partners


  • Justyna Łapińska Nicolaus Copernicus University



intra-industry trade, country-specific determinants, Poland, European Union


This study has investigated the country-specific determinants of intra-industry exchange between Poland and its European Union trading partners during the time period 2002?2011. The analysis of the factors determining the Polish bilateral intra-industry trade with European Union countries applied an econometric model for panel data. As follows from the research, the intensity of intra-industry trade is dependent on numerous factors. The factors that exert a positive impact on the development of intra-trade exchange include the participation of processed products in bilateral trade between Poland and UE states, the intensity of trade with specific countries as well as the size of a partner country measured by its GDP per capita. Increases in the intra-trade turnover are also facilitated by EU membership and by the fact that Poland?s trade partners use a similar language, belonging to the group of the Slavic languages. The intensity of intra-trade exchange is weakened by the degree of the imbalance of trade turnover between trading partners, geographical distance that separates trading partners and significant differences in the size of trading partners? GDPs.


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How to Cite

Łapińska, J. (2016). Determinant factors of intra-industry trade: the case of Poland and its European Union trading partners. Equilibrium. Quarterly Journal of Economics and Economic Policy, 11(2), 251–264.



International economics

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