Influence of unemployment benefit on duration of registered unemployment spells


  • Beata Bieszk-Stolorz University of Szczecin
  • Iwona Markowicz University of Szczecin



Kaplan-Meier estimator, Cox hazard model, hazard ratio, unemployment


The purpose of the article is to present the analysis of the influence of unemployment benefit on the duration of registered unemployment spells. The authors made a hypothesis that the very fact of receiving the benefit extends the job seeking time and determines the intensity of unemployment exit. The power of this influence varies depending on a subgroup the unemployed person belongs to. The study was conducted on the basis of data from the Poviat Labour Office in Sulecin. The data were collected as a part of the European Union project implementation. The analysis covered two periods of time ? before and after Poland?s accession to the European Union and the subsequent changes in legal regulations concerning unemployment benefits. The authors observed separate cohorts of the unemployed registered in 2001 and 2005. The closing dates of the observations were: the end of 2003 and 2007, respectively. Also, the authors examined whether the EU projects implemented after 2004 had an effect on the length of the unemployment spells as well as on the intensity of the unemployment exit. The study confirmed the research hypotheses. The fact of claiming the unemployment benefit prolonged the unemployment spells in both periods of observation. The loss of the right to the benefit increased the probability of de-registration in each sub-group.


Download data is not yet available.


Bieszk-Stolorz, B. (2013). Analiza historii zdarzeń w badaniu bezrobocia. Szczecin: Daniel Krzanowski.
Bieszk-Stolorz, B., & Markowicz, I. (2012). Modele regresji Coxa w analizie bezrobocia. Warszawa: CeDeWu.
Card, D. E., & Levine, P. B. (2000). Extended Benefits and the Duration of UI Spells: Evidence from the New Jersey Extended Benefit Program. Journal of Public Economics, 78(1-2).
Hahn, J., Todd, P., & Van der Klaauw, W. (2001). Identyfication and Estimation of Treatment Effects with a Regression-Discontinuity Design. Econometrica, 69(1).
Han, A., & Hausman, J. A. (1990). Flexible Parametric Estimation of Duration and Competing Risk Models. Journal of Applied Econometrics, 5(1).
Hughes, J. J, &Perlman, R. (1984). The Economics of Unemployment: A Comparative Analysis of Britain and the United States. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Hunt, J. (1995). The Effect of Unemployment Compensation on Unemployment Duration in Germany. Journal of Labor Economics, 13(1). 1086/298369.
Kaplan, E. L., & Meier, P. (1958). Nonparametric estimation from incomplete observations. Journal of the American Statistical Association, 53(282).
Katz, L. (1986). Layoffs, recall and the duration of unemployment. Cambridge: National Bureau of Economic Research, Working Paper no. 1825.
Katz, L., & Meyer, B. (1990). The Impact of the Potential Duration of Unemployment Benefits on the Duration of Unemployment. Journal of Public Economics, 41(1).
Lalive, R. (2007). Unemployment Benefits, Unemployment Duration, and Post-Unemployment Jobs: A Regression Discontinuity Approach. The American Economic Review, 97(2).
Meyer, B. D. (1990). Unemployment Insurance and Unemployment Spells. Econometrica, 58(4).
Moffitt, R. A. (1985). Unemployment Insurance and Distribution of Unemployment Spells. Journal of Econometrics, 28(1).
Mortensen D. T. (1977), Unemployment Insurance and Job Search Decisions. Industrial and Labor Relations Review, 30 (4). 307/2523111.
Nickell, S. (1979). The Effect of Unemployment and Related Benefits on the Duration of Unemployment. Economic Journal, 89(353). 2307/2231405.
Nickell, S., & Layard, R. (1999). Labor Market Institutions and Economic Performance. In O. Ashenfelter, & Card O. (Eds), Handbook of Labor Economics, Vol. 3, Amsterdam: Elsevier.
R?ed, K., Zhang, T. (2003). Does Unemployment Compensation Affect Unemployment Duration? The Economic Journal, 113(484). 1111/1468-0297.00086.
Schmieder, J. F., von Wachter, T, & Bender, S. (2012). The Effects of Extended Unemployment Insurance Over the Business Cycle: Evidence from Regression Discontinuity Estimates Over 20 Years. The Quarterly Journal of Economics, 127(2).




How to Cite

Bieszk-Stolorz, B., & Markowicz, I. (2015). Influence of unemployment benefit on duration of registered unemployment spells. Equilibrium. Quarterly Journal of Economics and Economic Policy, 10(3), 167–183.



Labur markets

Similar Articles

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 > >> 

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.